Periodontics (gums)

Oral hygiene is important for all of us as it maintains good dental and gum health. Besides brushing our teeth twice a day and flossing, we also need regualar dentist appointments where we get our teeth checked, Scaled and Polished. This helps maintain good gum and bone health and reduces or chances of getting Periodontitis.

What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis is inflammation of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It is one of the most common human diseases.

Periodontitis is caused by certain bacteria (known as periodontal bacteria) and by the local inflammation triggered by those bacteria. Although these periodontal bacteria are naturally present in the mouth, they are only harmful when the conditions are right for them to increase dramatically in numbers. This happens when a layer of bacteria and food debris, known as plaque, builds up and is left undisturbed on the teeth, commonly in hard-to-reach areas such as between the teeth.

The more dangerous bacteria are able to thrive and multiply, producing some harmful by-products which stimulate the body’s defensive inflammatory response in the gums. As the disease progresses, chronic inflammation causes the bone of the jaw to be destroyed and the teeth to be lost. In many people, this is a gradual process that takes place over many years and, if detected and treated, can be halted. However, some young adults have a very active form of the disease which causes early loosening and loss of the teeth.

How can we Help?

  • Oral hygiene advice
  • Professional teeth cleaning by the Dentist or Hygienist
  • Periodontal health Assessment
  • Corrective (Surgical) treatment
  • Regular follow-up Appointments

Scale and polish
To remove plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) that can build up on your teeth, your dentist may suggest that you have your teeth scaled and polished.

This is a “professional clean” usually carried out at your dental surgery by a dental hygienist.

The dental hygienist will scrape away plaque and tartar from your teeth using special instruments, then polish your teeth to remove marks or stains.

If a lot of plaque or tartar has built up, you may need to have more than 1 scale and polish.

The price of a scale and polish can vary depending on what needs to be carried out, so ask your dental hygienist how much it’ll cost beforehand.